Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis is an uncommon ailment where small, red patches of swollen tissue or granulomas form in the bodily organs, usually the lungs and the skin. The symptoms of the condition are based on the affected organs but typically include:

In most cases, these symptoms often settle without requiring treatment in a few months or years. The symptoms are not usually severe.

Nevertheless, some have symptoms that steadily develop and worsen over time up to a point where they are significantly affected.

What are the causes?

It is believed that sarcoidosis arises once the immune system is in a state of “overdrive” where the body attacks its own tissues and organs. This results to inflammation that leads to the formation of granulomas in the organs.

It is also possible that some environmental factors play a role in the start of the condition especially among those who are genetically predisposed.

Close look on the signs of sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis

Once the skin is affected, reddened bumps or patches form on the skin especially in the shins as well as rashes on the upper body.

The symptoms that might manifest is based on the organs affected. The condition can be categorized into two forms:

  • Acute – in most cases, the symptoms manifest abruptly and settles within a few months or years and does not recur.
  • Chronic – in this form, the symptoms form gradually and worsen over time. Several granulomas form in an organ and prevent it from functioning properly

In some cases, there are no symptoms present and the condition is only diagnosed after an X-ray was performed for another reason.

Lung symptoms

Around 90{c1e64cd9883821d080d6321857fd7e0aef09115686d80ca85d8fc5918ea7d4cb} of cases affect the lungs which is called as pulmonary sarcoidosis. The main signs include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Continuous dry cough

Some also experience chest discomfort but this is uncommon.

Skin symptoms

Once the skin is affected, reddened bumps or patches form on the skin especially in the shins as well as rashes on the upper body

Other symptoms

In case other organs are involved, the following symptoms might also be present:

  • Sore joints
  • Enlarged and tender glands in the neck, face, groin or armpits
  • Fatigue and general feeling of being sick
  • Sore or red eyes
  • Stuffed or blocked nose
  • Erratic heart rhythm
  • Headache
  • Kidney stones

Management

Individuals with sarcoidosis do not require treatment since it often settles on its own, usually after a few months or years.

Simple changes in the lifestyle and over-the-counter pain medications can help control the pain during flare-ups.

The doctor will monitor the condition to check if it is getting better or worsening without treatment. This generally involves regular X-rays, blood tests and breathing tests.

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