Close look on sesame allergy

Sesame allergy is regarded as a rare form of food allergy. An individual with this allergy has an inconsistent immune response to the products of the sesame plant after consumption.

It is important to note that sesame is a small-sized flowering plant that produces edible sesame seeds that are added in various baked goods. It is also cultivated for its oil that is utilized in cooking.

A reaction might manifest abruptly or after a few hours of exposure. In most cases, exposure is via the ingestion of food.

What are the indications?

The signs of sesame allergy might manifest in a few minutes up to a few hours after consumption of sesame or other sesame-related products.

The usual indications of the allergy might include:

sesame-allergy

Anaphylaxis is managed with a shot of epinephrine that must be administered right away.

  • Itchiness of the skin, eyes, nose and inside of the mouth
  • Coughing and sneezing episodes
  • Chills
  • Hives, skin rashes or eczema
  • Swollen eyes
  • Facial flushing
  • Shortness of breath, wheezing and asthma-like symptoms
  • Stuffed or runny nose
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain and bloating
  • Diarrhea

The severe symptoms can disrupt with the normal functioning of the digestive and respiratory tract. It can even lead to cardiovascular shock and loss of consciousness.

In most instances, not all episodes of an allergic reaction are the same in seriousness. There are cases where it can become a severe reaction known as anaphylaxis.

Once this severe reaction arises, it involves swelling of the throat along with other detrimental symptoms. This is considered dangerous since it can lead to shortness of breath. Other signs that might be present include weak pulse rate, bluish skin and low blood pressure.

Management of sesame allergy

The treatment for sesame allergy might involve the following:

  • Avoiding or limiting the consumption of foods that include sesame products. In some cases, an elimination diet is supervised by a dietitian.
  • Anti-allergy drugs are given for minor reactions.
  • Symptomatic treatment involves decongestants particularly for nasal congestion along with steroid sprays.
  • Anaphylaxis is managed with a shot of epinephrine that must be administered right away.
  • Breathing support is necessary to control the asthma symptoms and low blood pressure.
  • Immunotherapy might be suggested for severe allergies to establish lasting tolerance.

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