Diabetic coma is defined as a dangerous emergency that can occur among those diagnosed with diabetes. Once this condition arises, the individual loses consciousness and unable to respond to his/her environment.
The individual might be suffering from high blood glucose or low blood glucose. It is vital to seek prompt medical attention if one goes into a state of diabetic coma.
What are the signs?
These symptoms are the warning signs of the body that the blood sugar is too high or too low. Once any of these are present, the blood sugar level must be checked. In case it is too high or low, it must be treated properly to prevent diabetic coma.
Hyperglycemia or high blood glucose
- Weak pulse
- Increased urinary frequency
- Shortness of breath
- Abdominal pain
- Dry mouth
- Rapid heart rate
- Unsteady gait
- Increased thirst
- Fruity breath
Hypoglycemia or low blood glucose
- Rapid breathing
- Issues with communicating
Management of diabetic coma
If an individual goes into diabetic coma, it requires prompt treatment. Remember that the individual is at risk for brain damage or even death if there is a delay.
In case the blood sugar level is too high, the treatment involves:
- Administration of intravenous fluids
- Supplemental phosphate, potassium and sodium
In case the blood sugar is too low, treatment includes:
- Administration of 50% dextrose solution
- Intravenous fluids
More Information / Disclaimer
The information posted on this page on diabetic coma is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the indications by taking a standard first aid course with Edmonton First Aid.