Acute sinusitis involves inflammation of the sinuses or hollow spaces in the skull. The inflammation is typically triggered by various infectious organisms including viruses, bacteria or fungi. Generally, the condition is the result of inflammation, blockage and congestion caused by an allergy or common cold. It can also be due to a sinus blockage from a deviated nasal septum, nasal polyps or nasal bone spurs.
The inflamed sinuses prevent the nasal hairs from removing mucus which leads to blockage and infection. Generally, acute sinusitis develops from allergies or common cold that causes increased production of mucus or blocks the opening of the sinuses.
What are the indications of acute sinusitis?
Acute sinusitis can trigger congestion of the sinuses that results to various symptoms that tend to vary from one individual to another.
- Bad breath
- Aching sensation in the upper jaw and teeth
- Changes in taste, hearing or smell
- Postnasal drip
- Pain, tenderness, pressure and swelling around the cheeks, eyes, nose or forehead
- Stuffed nose or nasal congestion
The treatment for acute sinusitis especially severe cases might include antibiotics. The individual should carefully follow the treatment to avoid recurrence.
- Antihistamines if the cause is an allergy
- Decongestants are used for short-term use
- Pain medications such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen
- Saline nasal sprays to irrigate the nasal passages and clear up the congestion